Polar Law Symposium 2017 - Rovaniemi

ABOUT THE SYMPOSIUM 

The Tenth Polar Law Symposium,'Global and Local Governance  of the Poles: Law , Policy and the  Promotion of  Cooperation'  was held  in  Rovaniemi, Finland, where leading experts in the field of Polar Law and Arctic Governance were brought together. The symposium covered a wide variety of topics relating to the Arctic and Antarctic. Topics includes: Indigenous Peoples, land rights and Governance issues; Environmental challenges and responses in the Polar Regions; Heavy fuel oil use in Arctic shipping: Risks, alternatives and legal options for a phase-out; The Governance of the Arctic ocean in question; European perspective on the Arctic: Sustainable Governance and the rights of Indigenous peoples; Arctic people, Human security and societal issues; Policy - Relevant-Science within the context of Arctic; Antarctica and the third pole; Arctic Governance in context; Indigenous peoples, development challenges and environmental justice; Digital security in the Polar Regions; Identity and security: Interconnected – But how?; Law of the Sea; Local communities, Extractive indusries and Bioprospection issues; Indigenous peoples, culture and knowledge and Pre-event: Preconditions for Arctic Sustainability: Arctic identity and practical solutions. The Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (NIEM) at the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland is pleased to announce that the 10th Polar Law Symposium will be organized by NIEM at the Arctic Centre in Rovaniemi, Finland. 

THE 2017 POLAR LAW PROGRAM 

WELCOMING WORDS 

Mauri Ylä-Kotola, Professor and Rector of the University of Lapland

Timo Koivurova, Professor and Director of the Arctic Centre

KEY NOTE SPEECH

CHAIR: PROF. TIMO KOIVUROVA

Lars Kullerud, President of the University of the Arctic (UArctic)

PANEL 1 - INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, LAND RIGHTS AND GOVERNANCE ISSUES

CHAIR: DR. DOROTHEE CAMBOU

Øyvind Ravna, Professor, Faculty of Law, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway, 'How Norway meets its commitments to the Sámi under the ILO 169 and the UNDRIP – assessed by the most recent case law'

Grant Christensen, Associate Professor, University of North Dakota, 'Indigenous taxation of non-native activity in Alaska: the problem created by Alaska v. native village of Venetie'

Jessica Black,  Juris Doctor Candidate Jane Glassco Northern Fellowship Alumni, University of Victoria and Samantha Dawson, Juris Doctor Jane Glassco Northern Fellowship Alumni, University of British Columbia, '“We don’t want a brown version of the YTG” in Nän K'ałädàtth'ät (Changing times, continuing ways)'

Dwight Newman, Professor of Law & Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Rights in Constitutional and International Law, University of Saskatchewan, 'How international law of the sea issues may constrain Arctic indigenous land rights' 

Alejandro Fuentes, Senior Researcher Raoul Wallenberg Institute (RWI), Lund University. 'Human rights protection of indigenous peoples’

claims in the Americas. Systemic interpretation or ‘culturally sensitive’ judicial activism?'

PANEL 2 - ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES IN THE POLAR REGIONS

CHAIR: PROF. KAMRUL HOSSAIN

Sarah Mackie, Researcher, PhD Candidate Newcastle University, Visiting Researcher Harvard Law School, 'Region Building and Community Cohesion in Response to Environmental Challenges: A Case Study from the Barents Region' 

Doubravka Plášilová, PhD Candidate Faculty of Law, Charles University, Prague, 'Law of Exploration and Exploitation of the Mineral Resources in the Polar Regions'

Outi Penttilä, PhD Candidate University of Helsinki, 'Transboundary Environmental Harm in the Arctic: In Search of Accountability for an Oil Spill'

Hao Cui, PhD Candidate Wuhan University, Visiting researcher at University of Groningen, 'The Study on Institutional Arrangements of the Network of MPAs in the Arctic Ocean under the legal framework of BBNJ'

PANEL 3 - HEAVY FUEL OIL USE IN ARCTIC SHIPPING: RISKS, ALTERNATIVES AND LEGAL OPTIONS FOR A PHASE-OUT

CHAIR: DR. DWAYNE RYAN MENEZES - FOUNDER AND DIRECTOR, POLAR RESEARCH AND POLICY INITIATIVE

Lotta Manninen, Arctic Expert WWF Finland, 'Heavy Fuel Oil and Risk in the Arctic'

Sian Prior, Doctor and Senior Adviser Clean Arctic Alliance, 'Progress at the International Maritime Organization on a phase-out of the use of heavy fuel oil as marine fuel in the Arctic'

Domagoj Baresic, Fellow, Polar Research and Policy Initiative; Doctoral Researcher, UCL Energy Institute, University College London, 'Funding mechanisms for alternatives fuels in Arctic Shipping-LNG in Scandinavia as a case study'

Terzah Tippin Poe, Lecturer Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, 'HFO and the Arctic: Indigenous and Industry Perspectives'

PANEL 4 - BOOK LAUNCH: “EXPERIENCING AND PROTECTING SACRED NATURAL SITES OF SÁMI AND OTHER INDIGENOUS PEOPLES” (HEINÄMÄKI, HERRMANN, EDS, SPRINGER, 2017), ORGANIZED BY UNIVERSITY OF ARCTIC THEMATIC NETWORK ON ARCTIC LAW

CHAIR: DR. LEENA HEINÄMÄKI

Thora Martina Hermann, Associate Professor Université de Montreal, 'Identifying, Protecting, Recognizing and Transmitting Innu Sacred Sites in northern Canada' 

Antje Neumann, PhD Candidate University of Tilburg and Eija Ojanlatva (Absent) Sámi Museum Siida, 'Protecting the Sacred in the Finnish Sápmi: Settings and Challenges’'

Francis Joy, Researcher, The Faculty of Art and Design, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'From Revered Sacred objects to Souvenirs – Tourism in Lapland, and the Misappropriation of Sami Traditions and Cultural Heritage'

PLENARY SESSION - THE GOVERNANCE OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN IN QUESTION

CHAIR: PROF. TIMO KOIVUROVA

Cécile Pelaudeix, Associate Professor Law Department, Aarhus University, 'Transnationalisation and ocean governance: norm dynamics and legitimacy in the Arctic ocean'

Stefan Kirchner, Senior Researcher, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'The Arctic Ocean as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area'

Xueping Li, Professor, Law School, Wuhan University, 'On China’s Legal Position in the Progress of the Arctic International Governance: An UNCLOS Perspective'

CONCURRENT PANELS

PANEL 5 - EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVES ON THE ARCTIC: SUSTAINABLE GOVERNANCE AND THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

CHAIR: PROF. GUDMUNDUR ALFREDSSON

Adam Stępień, Researcher Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'Arctic policy as an instrument for the management of the EU’s Arctic footprints?'

Seita Romppanen, Senior Lecturer UEF Law School, 'External Arctic climate governance via EU’s internal law?'

Giuseppe Amatulli, Researcher Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'The role of the EU in promoting sustainable development, cross border cooperation and indigenous peoples’ rights in the Arctic'

Enrico Albanesi, Lecturer Faculty of Law, University of Genoa, 'Reindeer husbandry and EU legislation (beyond Finland and Sweden’s Accession Treaty)'

Mikael Lundmark, Master Student University of Akureyri, Iceland, 'European Court of Human Rights for the Protection of Arctic Indigenous Peoples' land rights'

PANEL 6 - ARCTIC PEOPLE, HUMAN SECURITY AND SOCIETAL ISSUES

CHAIR: DR. STEFAN KIRCHNER

Anna Kosa, Research Assistant University of Calgary and Nigel Bankes Professor University of Calgary, 'The legal dimensions of food security'

Olga Pushina, Doctoral Student Faculty of Law, University of Lapland, 'Protection of property rights and the right to respect for a home: Examples of ECHR judgments concerning the Russian Federation'

Shahnaj Begum, PhD Candidate University of Lapland, 'Aging and Gender in the Nordic Arctic: Exploring equality and social justice'

Leena Heinämäki, LLD, Senior Researcher University of Lapland, Arctic Centre, NIEM and Laura Olsén, PhD Candidate, Researcher University of Lapland, Arctic Centre, NIEM, 'Minority within Minority: The Multiple Discrimination and Rights of Sámi Persons with Disabilities'

Afroja Khanam, PhD Candidate University of Lapland, 'On link between Problems and Prospects of Sheltering Asylum Seekers in a Small Town in Finland: A case of the Asylum seekers from Rovaniemi, Lapland'

PANEL 7 - POLICY-RELEVANT-SCIENCE WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF ARCTIC

CHAIR: GOSIA ŚMIESZEK

Akiho Shibata, Professor and Director Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC), Kobe University Japan Agency for MarineEarth Science and Technology, 'The significance of the policy-relevant-science (PRS) study within the context of the Arctic'

Naomi Harada, Deputy Director of Research and Development Center for Global Change (RCGC), Japan Agency for MarineEarth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) Specific Case of Marine Scientific Observation in the Arctic

Hajime Kimura Engineer Institute of Arctic Climate and Environmental Research, Japan Agency for MarineEarth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 'Common policy objectives derived from Arctic strategies of Pacific Arctic Group countries'

Gosia Śmieszek, Doctoral Candidate, Researcher Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'PRS Study within the existing policy-science nexus discussion'

PANEL 8- ANTARCTICA AND THE THIRD POLE

CHAIR: DR. DELE RAHEEM

Julia Jabour, Senior Lecturer Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania and  Zia E. Madani (Absent) Head of the Department of Law of the Sea and Ocean Policy Iranian National Institute for Ocea nography and Atmospheric Science, Tehran, 'Thinking of an Iranian Antarctic Science Roadmap: A Legal and Policy Outlook' 

Simon Marsden, Professor Law School, University of Stirling, 'China’s ‘Third Pole’ National Park; Wilderness Protection or Tourism Development?'

Apostolos Tsiouvalas, LLM Candidate University of Akureyri (UNAK), 'Ice-shelves, calving and mega-glaciers: what they tell us about climate change'

EXHIBITION OPENING - ART GALLERY VALO

Mauri Ylä-Kotola, Professor and Rector of the University of Lapland

KEY NOTE SPEECH 

CHAIR: PROF. KAMRUL HOSSAIN

Evan Bloom, Director of the Office of Ocean and Polar Affairs at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C, 'A New Arctic Science Agreement and Other Key Developments in Polar Law and Diplomacy'

CONCURRENT PANELS

PANEL 9 - ARCTIC GOVERNANCE IN CONTEXT

CHAIR: PROF. ERIK FRANCKX

Fiammetta Borgia, Assistant Professor of International Law University of Rome, 'The Arctic Council: from soft law body towards international organization?'

Paula Kovari, Associate Lawyer at Roschier, Attorneys Ltd.; LL.M. from the University of Turku and M.Sc. from the London School of Economics and Political Science, 'Nordic Arctic Environmental Policies and the Arctic Council Chairmanships'

Matti Niemivuo, Professor Emeritus University of Lapland, 'Nordic Cooperation at a Crossroads: Law-making together or more Nordic conventions?'

Alexander Sergunin, Professor St. Petersburg State University, 'The UN and global governance in the Arctic region: problems and opportunities'

PANEL 10- INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES AND ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE

CHAIR: PROF. RACHAEL LORNA JOHNSTONE

Tanja Joona, Senior Researcher Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'Indigenous peoples right to natural and mineral resources – reflections from the ILO 169'

Karolina Sikora, Research Assistant Arctic Center, 'Sami rights vs development of renewable energy. The Fosen case.'

Joëlle Klein, Research Assistant, Arctic Center, 'Indigenous Rights in Environmental Justice: Examining Decolonization and Human Security in the context of Inuit seal hunting'

Tatiana Rednikova, Researcher Institute of State and Law Russian Academy of Sciences, 'Legal problems and ways of improvement of Russian legislation on indigenous peoples'

PANEL 11 - DIGITAL SECURITY IN THE POLAR REGIONS

CHAIR: PROF. EMERITA MARY DURFEE

Juha Saunavaara, Assistant Professor Hokkaido University, Arctic Research Center, 'Arctic Submarine Communications Cables and the Regional Development of Northern Peripheries'

Kamrul Hossain, Associate Professor, Director of the Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'The evolving informationbased society and its influence on traditional culture: framing community culture and human security of the Sámi in the European High North'

Mirva Salminen, Researcher Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'Refocusing and redefining cyber security: Human Security in the European High North'

Marcin Dymet, Junior Researcher Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'Digital language divide in the European High North. The level of online presence of minority languages from northern Finland, Norway and Sweden and its consequences for the minorities'

Gerald Zojer, Researcher Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'Contextualizing cyber security as a domain of human well-being: The interconnectedness of digitization and human security in the European Arctic'

Alexandra L. Carleton, Doctor of Veterinary Medicine candidate, University of Sydney, former Conflicts Lawyer and Advisor to Ashurst, 'Ethics of Observation: privacy, espionage and the clear skies of the Poles'

PANEL 12 - IDENTITY AND SECURITY: INTERCONNECTED – BUT HOW?

CHAIR: DR. PIRJO KLEEMOLA-JUNTUNEN

Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark, Associate Professor Åland Islands Peace Institute, 'Nordic Experiences on Identity, Autonomy and Security in Greenland and the Åland Islands'

Joshua Castellino, Professor School of Law & Business School, Middlesex University, London, UK, 'Re-examining the underlying territorial element to contemporary questions of identity and security – Issues of conflict, boundaries and flight'

Olgun Akbulut, Professor Department Of Constitutional Law, Kadir Has University, Istanbul, Turkey, 'Identity Protection in the Ottoman Empire: What was Transferred to the League of Nations Era?'

KEY NOTE SPEECH 

CHAIR: PROF. NIGEL BANKES

Joseph DiMento, Professor, School of Law, University of California, Irvine. 'Environmental governance of the Arctic: Law, Effect, Promise'

CONCURRENT PANELS

PANEL 13 - LAW OF THE SEA

CHAIR: PROF. CÉCILE PELAUDEIX

Christoph Humrich, Assistant Professor University Groningen, The Netherlands, 'UNCLOS’ Organizing Principles and the Future Order of the Arctic Ocean' 

Pirjo Kleemola-Juntunen, Postdoctoral Researcher Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'The Northwest Passage and the Northern Sea Route: What Passage Right s Apply?'

Erik Franckx, Professor Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 'Does the Maritime Silk Road Have a Northern Leg?'

Krittika Singh, Research Assistant Arctic Centre, 'Is the South China Sea Arbitration Award an uneasy parallel for Canada?'

Maiko Raita, Research Fellow Kobe University, Japan, 'FAO Port State Measures Agreement: A Model beyond LOS Convention'

PANEL 14 - LOCAL COMMUNITIES, EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES AND BIOPROSPECTION ISSUES 

CHAIR: PROF. NIGEL BANKES

Rachael Lorna Johnstone, Professor Arctic Oil and Gas Studies, Ilisimatusarfik Professor of Law, University of Akureyri, 'Under the Mountain: Early Impacts of Extractive Industries on Selected Communities in Greenland'

Anna Petrétei, Researcher, PhD Candidate Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'Resource Development in the Sápmi Region: The Integration of Human Rights Impact Assessment in Licensing Processes' 

Minna Pappila, Postdoctoral Researcher University of Turku and Soili Nysten-Haarala, Professor University of Lapland, 'Participatory Rights as a Part of CSR in Russia'

Anuradha Nayak, Researcher Faculty of Law, University of Lapland, 'Sami and Bioprospecting: Pricing the “value” of the human genome' 

PANEL 15 - INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, CULTURE AND KNOWELDGE

CHAIR: DR. TANJA JOONA

Noor Jahan Punam, PhD Candidate University of Lapland, 'Relevance of indigenous traditional knowledge in context of ecological restoration in legal texts'

Assi Harkoma, Research Assistant Arctic Centre University of Lapland, 'Indigenous peoples, traditional knowledge and biodiversity: Implementation of Akwé: Kon -guidelines in Finland'

Aytalina Ivanova, Docent UiT the Arctic University of Tromso and North Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, 'Arctic legal anthropology - how can we integrate methods for the benefits of people?'

Ekaterina Zmyvalova, PhD Candidate Department of language studies Umeå University, 'Legal regulation of the indigenous children’s right to learn their mother tongue and the current situation with the Sámi language teaching in Russia'

ROVANIEMI ARCTIC SPIRIT

PANEL 16 - PRE-EVENT: PRECONDITIONS FOR ARCTIC SUSTAINABILITY: ARCTIC IDENTITY AND PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS

CHAIR: PAMELA LESSER AND ADAM STĘPIEŃ RESEARCHERS, ARCTIC CENTER AT THE UNIVERISTY OF LAPLAND

Dorothée Cambou, Postdoctoral Researcher Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, 'Renewable development projects and the rights of the Sami people'

Laura Ferguson, Research Assistant Perth College UHI, 'A Community Survey Analysis of Public Attitudes Regarding Renewable Energy Development in Longyearbyen, Svalbard'

Jaakko Simonen, Professor University of Oulu, Oulu Business School, 'Business Index North' 

CLOSING WORDS 

Kamrul Hossain, Director of the Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law

Gudmundur Alfredsson, University of Akureyri

Øyvind Ravna and Tore Henriksen, UiT-The Arctic University of Norway

Announcement for the Polar Law Yearbook Volume 10 and invitation to the next Polar Law Symposium